The First Jacobite Rebellion

I hope this image helps out! Source

One day on our holiday to Scotland, we visited Perth and the popular Blackwatch museum. This is where I was first introduced to the Jacobite rebellion. Cue hours of happy history hunting!

This museum is absolutely full to the brim of Scottish history!

Where they began

James II & VII was King of England and King of Ireland as James II, and King of Scotland as James VII.

The Black Watch was an infantry unit that was created in the aftermath of the First Jacobite Rebellion in 1715. What was the Jacobite rebellion? It was the attempt by James Edward Stuart, (James III and VIII),  to regain the throne of EnglandIreland and Scotland for the exiled Stuarts.

The start of it all:

James ll & Vll were deposed of the throne in 1688 and were replaced with his daughter Mary ll and her husband William of Orange:

William summoned a Convention Parliament to decide how to handle James’s flight. It convened on 22 January 1689.While the Parliament refused to depose him, they declared that James, having fled to France and dropped the Great Seal into the Thames, had effectively abdicated, and that the throne had thereby become vacant. To fill this vacancy, James’s daughter Mary was declared Queen; she was to rule jointly with her husband William, who would be King


Then because of the Act of Settlement in 1701, James Francis Edward Stuart was excluded from the Succession. This ‘Act of Settlement’ made sure that only a protestant would be on the throne. This meant the line of succession went:

Queen Mary died of smallpox 1694 and by 1700 her husband William was dying. Mary’s sister, Anne, was the last Stuart monarch and her heir was the distant relative Sophia of Hanover, James 1 granddaughter. Sadly, Sophia died and her son, George, Elector of Hanover, became George l and the pro-Hanoverian Wigs controlled government for the next 30 years.

In 1689, James II & VII landed in Ireland to try and win his kingdoms back but he was defeated at the Battle of the Boyne in July 1690, when William arrived personally leading an army against him. James returned to France and spent the rest of his life there at Saint Germain. Because he deserted his Irish supporters, James became known in Ireland as Séamus an Chaca or “James the sh*t”.


More attempts in favor of James

Some supporters in England attempted to assassinate William III to restore James II & VII to the throne in 1696, but the plot failed and the backlash made James’s cause less popular. In 1696, Louis XIV of France offered to have James elected King of Poland. James rejected the offer, fearing that accepting the Polish crown might (in the minds of the English people) disqualify him from being King of England. After this, Louis XIV chose to no longer offer assistance to him.

James death

James II & VII died on the 16th September 1701 of a brain haemorrhage.


James Francis Edward

So many James’, it can get confusing!

Well James’ son, James Francis Edward or JFE for short, was recognised as king at his father’s death by Louis XIV of France and James’s remaining supporters (later known as Jacobites) as “James III and VIII”.

War began again when JFE led a rising in Scotland in 1715 shortly after George I’s accession to the throne, but was defeated. Jacobites rose again in 1745 led by Charles Edward Stuart, James II’s grandson, and were again defeated.[178] The risings were the last serious attempts to restore the Stuart dynasty.

These were the last serious uprisings. The house of Robertson were involved with the uprisings, especially the later ones. You can read about this here.

Henry Benedict Stuart, the Dean of the College of Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church, was the last of James II’s legitimate descendants and no relative has publicly acknowledged the Jacobite claim since his death in 1807.

I hope you do not have a headache after the information you read there and that you managed to make sense of the all of the different James’! Let me know what you thought!


Pitclochry, Dam & Ladder – Scotland

This month we stayed in a lodge in Scotland in the little town of Pitlochry. According to a census taken in 2011, there is a population of just under 3,000 people that live here. It will most likely have doubled within the last 11 years.

Pitlochry lies on the River Tummel and the nearest loch is Loch Tummel. The town is 56miles from Edinburgh and is situated within Perth council.

Queen Victoria and Prince Albert visited this area in 1842 and bought a highland estate at Balmoral. This brought a lot of tourists to the area which only increased with the addition of the railway in 1863.


Pitlochry still has many of the old Victian buildings, and crowds come every year to see the popular fish ladder along with the Pitlochry Festival Theatre.

There are 2 major mountains that entice hikers every year. Ben Vrackie and Schiehallion.

Pitlochry history

Although this town is Victorian age, the areas of Moulin and Port-na-craig are considerably older. The latter was the original site of the ferry accross the river until 1913 when the suspension footbridge was built.


1947 was an important year for Pitlochry as it was in this year that the Town become a burgh. Not only that, but the Hydro-electric power scheme at Tummel began construction. This subsequently meant the creation of the famous fish ladder that thousands visit each year.

To learn more about this scheme, look at: Clunie Dam

Watch the following video to know what to expect on your visit!

Clunie Dam and Power Station

When we stayed in Pitlochry, we were a 5 minute drive from this station and the dam. I found it interesting to learn about and I hope you do too.

Why was it built?

It is all part of the Tummel-Garry scheme. As you can see in the image below, (taken from SSE Renewables), this plan consisted of 9 power stations, 6 major dams, and 10 lochs and reservoirs. This system can power 1 million homes for around 7 days!


Did the people of Pitlochry warm to this scheme? NO! Opposition to construction was in fact so strong that there was only one hotel that would accommodate the surveying engineers during construction. The media at the time told locals that if these dams were built, it would be the end of tourism in the area. Only later did they realise that in fact these dams and their fish ladders would be assets and actually attract visitors to the area, increasing tourism.

Power at the end of the Tummel

This dam is situated at the end of the loch, it controls the level of Loch Tummel providing flow regulation and storage for Clunie Power Station. Not only did it raise the level by 17 feet but it widened the Loch, unfortunately I cannot tell you how much.

This dam is a pretty big one, holding over 8 billion gallons of water. It is 69 feet high, and 380 feet long. It was built in a 3 year span, completed in 1950 – it is over 70 years old!!!


Clunie Memorial Arch

When you enter the site of the power station, you drive or walk straight through this MAHOOSIVE arch. This was built to the exact measurements of a tunnel. That tunnel takes water from the Loch Tummel to Clunie Power station. Not going to lie to you, it is overwhelming to imagine the gallons of water that pass through that tunnel everyday. The pounds of pressure that tunnel and the dam walls must be under. I dread to think.

This arch was erected as a permanent memorial to five men who lost their lives in a nearby tunnel due to a lightning strike prematurely detonating an explosive charge.

Loch Faskally

This Loch isn’t a loch in the traditional sense. It is a reservoir. It isn’t a very big reservoir as it is only 2 miles long. It is popular with anglers. The biggest trout ever recorded caught here was over 30lbs.

Loch Faskally was built between 1947 and 1950 by Wimpey Construction to stabilise river flows below the dam at Pitlochry. The reservoir is fed by the river Tummel and the river Garry.

Have you ever been to Clunie dam? Let me know!